Inside Flipkart Tech Stack and Infrastructure

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Flipkart is a behemoth in the competitive world of online shopping, having dominated the Indian market with its cutting-edge offerings and unyielding pursuit of excellence. The company’s remarkable ascent may be directly attributed to its technological prowess, which centers on Flipkart tech stack and cloud architecture.

The quick growth and innovative nature of Flipkart are explored in this essay, which digs into the complex web of technologies used by the company. We’ll take a look at everything from innovative technology to key alliances that have helped propel Flipkart to the forefront of the e-commerce market and are fueling the company’s drive for global supremacy.

Frontend technologies of Flipkart Tech Stack

Flipkart utilizes a range of frontend technologies to deliver a seamless and engaging user experience. Some of the key frontend technologies in Flipkart tech stack are:

React-Native: Flipkart uses React-Native for building its mobile apps across Android, iOS, and mWeb platforms. React-Native allows the development of apps for all mobile platforms without significant performance impact, unrestricted parallel usage of custom native components, and the ability to ship JavaScript code over-the-air (OTA).

Proteus: To overcome challenges in mobile app development, Flipkart built Proteus, a layout parser for Android. This technology enables the company to update layouts OTA and add data bindings on the layouts, resulting in faster experiments and bug fixes.

Viewport Meta: As part of its website tech stack, Flipkart uses Viewport Meta to ensure that its website is responsive and adapts to various screen sizes and resolutions. This technology optimizes the user experience across different devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and desktops.

Apple Mobile Web App Capable: Flipkart tech stack also employs the Apple Mobile Web App Capable technology, which allows users to add the Flipkart website to their home screen on iOS devices and access it like a native app. This feature provides a more convenient and app-like experience for iOS users.

Backend technologies of Flipkart Tech Stack

The backend of Flipkart tech stack is designed to support its massive scale and handle the complexities of an e-commerce platform. Some key backend technologies used by Flipkart include:

Nginx: Nginx is a lightweight open-source web server that efficiently handles high traffic loads and optimizes server performance. It serves as the backbone of Flipkart’s web infrastructure, enabling the platform to manage multiple user connections seamlessly.

Kafka: As a part of its messaging queue system, Flipkart utilizes Apache Kafka, a distributed streaming platform, to handle real-time data feeds and ensure smooth communication between different components of its tech stack. Kafka enables efficient data processing, ensuring a reliable and fast experience for Flipkart users.

Dropwizard: Dropwizard is a Java-based framework that simplifies the development of high-performance RESTful web services. It helps Flipkart build scalable and efficient backend services while reducing the time and complexity involved in the development process.

Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS): To manage and store the vast amount of data generated by its platform, Flipkart uses HDFS, a distributed file system designed to handle large data sets and provide high throughput access. This allows Flipkart to effectively analyze data and generate insights that improve the user experience.

Quartz: Quartz is an open-source job scheduling library for Java applications. It helps Flipkart manage and schedule various tasks across its platform, ensuring that processes run smoothly, and resources are utilized efficiently.

Azkaban: To orchestrate and manage complex workflows, Flipkart uses Azkaban, an open-source workflow manager developed by LinkedIn. Azkaban enables Flipkart to automate and coordinate various tasks, improving the overall efficiency of its backend operations.

Hive: As a part of its data warehousing solution, Flipkart utilizes Apache Hive, a data warehouse software that facilitates querying and managing large datasets stored in HDFS. Hive enables Flipkart to process and analyze data more effectively, driving informed decision-making and enhancing its platform’s performance.

Read more: Enhancing User Experience on Multivendor Marketplace Platforms

Infrastructure technologies of Flipkart Tech Stack

Amazon Web Services (AWS): Flipkart uses AWS for a variety of cloud-based services, including compute, storage, and database solutions. AWS provides a scalable, reliable, and secure infrastructure that helps Flipkart manage its high-traffic website efficiently.

Microsoft Azure: Azure is another cloud platform used by Flipkart, providing a range of services such as virtual machines, storage, and databases. By using Azure, Flipkart can deploy, manage, and monitor its applications and services across a global network of data centers.

Google Cloud Platform (GCP): In addition to AWS and Azure, Flipkart also leverages some services of the Google Cloud Platform. GCP offers various services like Google Kubernetes Engine for container orchestration, BigQuery for large scale data analytics, and Cloud Spanner for globally distributed and highly-scalable databases.

OpenStack: OpenStack is an open-source cloud computing platform that powers Flipkart’s private cloud infrastructure. It provides them with the flexibility to build and manage their own cloud environment for certain applications, ensuring performance and cost optimization.

Docker: Docker is a containerization platform allowing Flipkart to package applications and their dependencies into containers. This enables developers to build, test, and deploy applications consistently across different environments, streamlining the development process and improving scalability.

Kubernetes: Kubernetes is a container orchestration platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. Flipkart uses Kubernetes to manage their Docker containers, ensuring efficient resource utilization and seamless scaling during peak traffic periods.


Flipkart tech stack and cloud infrastructure have played an instrumental role in its meteoric rise as a dominant e-commerce platform in India. By leveraging cutting-edge backend technologies such as Nginx, Kafka, Dropwizard, HDFS, Quartz, Azkaban, and Hive, Flipkart has managed to create a seamless and efficient shopping experience for millions of customers. This tech-driven approach has enabled them to handle massive scale, securely store and process enormous amounts of data, and ensure high performance and reliability.

Moreover, Flipkart’s commitment to innovation extends to its cloud infrastructure, where the company has invested in scalable and flexible solutions to support their ever-growing needs. This focus on technology and infrastructure has helped Flipkart stay ahead of the curve and adapt to the dynamic landscape of e-commerce.

As Flipkart continues to expand its horizons and explore new markets, the company’s tech stack and cloud infrastructure will undoubtedly remain the backbone of its success. By embracing emerging technologies and constantly striving for improvement, Flipkart sets a shining example for other e-commerce platforms and tech companies worldwide. It’s a testament to the power of technology in transforming industries and shaping the future of commerce.

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